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New Mexico’s state treasurer is calling on state environmental regulators to close loopholes in proposed rules aimed at reducing emissions of methane and other pollutants from the oil and natural gas industry. State Treasurer Tim Eichenberg confirmed that he has joined with a long list of socially responsible investment groups that are citing gaps in proposed regulations from the Environment Department and the state Energy, Minerals, and Natural Resources Department. They outlined their position in a letter sent to Democratic Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham. Lujan Grisham’s administration has said New Mexico stands to have some of the most expansive rules for addressing methane and other emissions from the oil and gas industry after many meetings with industry experts and environmentalists. The draft rules released by the environment department target oil and natural gas equipment that emit volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides.
The influence of social media has created a lot of concern these days. Facebook was founded by Mark Zuckerberg in 2004, along with fellow Harvard College students and roommates Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris Hughes. In 2020, the global number of Facebook users is expected to reach 1.69 billion, up from 1.34 million in 2014. Nearly two-thirds of adults in the United States (68% to be precise) report that they are Facebook users. The usage of social media around the world continues to increase.
This is according to the Texas Railroad Commission (RRC), the regulator of the largest producing state in the US, which announced this week that changes to its flaring application process will lead to reductions in flaring at wellsites and other facilities across the state. Critics of the previous process have claimed that the state’s exemptions to long-term or routine flaring essentially allowed operators to flare unlimited quantities of gas. As of 2019, Texas regulators had never rejected an application. Without changing any of the state’s rules, the new forms that oil and gas producers must file with the state will in many cases place stiffer limits on how long the flaring can go on. Some exemptions may be reduced by 50% to 80% from current allowable flaring durations, the RCC said in its announcement of the changes.
The influence of social media has created a lot of concern these days. Facebook was founded by Mark Zuckerberg in 2004, along with fellow Harvard College students and roommates Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris Hughes. In 2020, the global number of Facebook users is expected to reach 1.69 billion, up from 1.34 million in 2014. Nearly two-thirds of adults in the United States (68% to be precise) report that they are Facebook users. The usage of social media around the world continues to increase. Social media statistics from 2019 show that 3.5 billion people use social media worldwide, and this number is only growing.
Liu, Yang (Dagang Oilfield Company, PetroChina) | Song, Zuchang (Dagang Oilfield Company, PetroChina) | Wang, Xudong (Dagang Oilfield Company, PetroChina) | Gai, Xubo (Dagang Oilfield Company, PetroChina) | Lai, Xueming (Dagang Oilfield Company, PetroChina) | Hu, Shifeng (Dagang Oilfield Company, PetroChina) | Liu, Baoyou (Dagang Oilfield Company, PetroChina) | Zheng, Jie (Dagang Oilfield Company, PetroChina)
Bridge eccentric zonal water injection is a mainly technology for zonal water injection. However, there are some disadvantages of existing bridge eccentric zonal water injection technologies, such as fixed water nozzle size requires multiple fishing operations, multiple tests and nozzle replacements. In addition, whether the replacement of the nozzle is appropriate depends on the experience of the operator. The disadvantages also include low accuracy of downhole flowrate test for each layer, high difficulty of sealing test for packers, low operational efficiency, etc.
This paper proposes a bridge eccentric zonal water injection technology with continuous adjustment and surface monitoring. This new technology includes continuously adjustable downhole regulator, bridge eccentric water distributor, integrated measurement and adjustment technology of downhole water injection rate and electrically controlled sealing test for packers.
The continuous adjustable downhole regulator had been designed with a brand new water nozzle construction. The water nozzle is composed of two parts. The outer nozzle is fixed. The inner nozzle can move up and down in order to adjust water injection rate continuously. In this way, water distribution accuracy can be improved. The regulator can be installed in the side pocket of water distributor. It also can be fished out in order to replace it in some conditions. Bridge eccentric water distributor adopts the new design of right-angled bridge channel, which will effectively eliminate the influence of inter-layer interference and benefit sealing tests for packers. With integrated measurement and adjustment technology, downhole water injection rate for each layer can be measured and adjusted by using a test instrument that can be run in hole via a cable and docked to downhole regulator. The entire measurement and adjustment process can be controlled from surface via the same cable. This technology can obtain injection rate, pressure and temperature of each layer online. Packers' sealing status can be tested by using electrically controlled sealing test. The test instrument runs in hole by using a cable. Furthermore, the setting and unsealing of the rubber sleeve in the seal test instrument can be controlled from the ground. Test result also can be monitored from the ground through cable.
Until recently, this technology had been applied in 612 wells with maximum depth 2250m, maximum deviation 43.4°, up to 5 injection layers. Compared with existing technology, water distribution accuracy of a single well is improved by 22 percentage points. Besides, the time cost of flowrate measurement, adjustment and packer sealing test is shortened from 3-5 days to 4-6 hours. The efficiency is significantly improved. The result of research provides a brand new zonal water injection technology with continuous adjustment for oilfield development and management home and abroad. This technology has broad application prospects.
The Trump administration rolled back regulations aimed at reducing emissions of the potent greenhouse gas methane from oil and gas operations, its latest move to unwind environmental rules ahead of November’s presidential election. New Mexico has proposed rules that would require its oil and gas industry to capture at least 98% of its emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas methane by 2026, a standard it said would be among the strongest in the nation. The Trump administration is seeking to ease more rules for oil and gas drilling that were adopted under the Obama administration, with the latest changes projected to save energy companies more than $130 million over the next decade. New Mexico state regulators vowed to keep the oil and gas industry in check during the COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent market collapse, as some groups worried that shut-in wells and other cost-saving measures could lead to operators flouting environmental regulations. The Alberta Energy Regulator has suspended a wide array of environmental monitoring requirements for oilsands companies over public health concerns raised by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Two of Europe’s biggest oil companies urged Texas regulators to end the routine flaring of natural gas, joining with large investors who want greater oversight of the harmful environmental practice. The Oil and Gas Climate Initiative has announced a technical and financial sponsorship commitment of nearly $1 million to the Payne Institute for Public Policy at Colorado School of Mines to develop a transparent web platform to support real-time mapping and tracking of global gas flaring data. The Texas Railroad Commission’s chairman has said the commission will look into policies to “drastically reduce” natural gas flaring from the state’s shale patch as investors become increasingly sensitive to climate-change concerns. The combined effect of COVID-19 and an ongoing oil price war has ushered in one of the worst downturns for the energy industry in modern history. Yet, a bright side is shining through; flaring levels in the Permian Basin have fallen sharply and will continue to decline, a Rystad Energy report shows.
A federal judge ordered the US Army Corps of Engineers to conduct a full environmental review of the Dakota Access pipeline, nearly 3 years after it began carrying oil despite protests by people who gathered in North Dakota for more than a year. Ugandan farmer James Mubona, 73, looked pensive as he sat in a blue plastic chair under a mango tree next to three of his four wives, one breastfeeding a 5-month-old baby, contemplating the imminent loss of his 22-acre farm to an oil pipeline. The construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline sparked a broad, clamorous online debate on social media platforms. But was there a communications gap between the opponents and proponents of the pipeline on Twitter? A US appeals court overturned a district court’s preliminary injunction that prevented construction on part of Energy Transfer Partners' Bayou Bridge crude oil pipeline in the Atchafalaya Basin of Louisiana.
Reported greenhouse-gas emissions from Canada’s oil patch have more than doubled in the year’s first half as changes to how they are measured revealed a more extensive picture of environmental damage, previously unreported industry data show. The Alberta government has announced a new liability management framework aimed at expediting the cleanup of orphan and inactive well sites, signaling a more active approach to reclamation and management of those sites. The Alberta Energy Regulator has suspended a wide array of environmental monitoring requirements for oilsands companies over public health concerns raised by the COVID-19 pandemic. After years of negotiations, the province announced that it had reached a preliminary agreement with the federal government that it calls a “major step toward providing Alberta’s oil and gas industry a single set of strong rules to reduce methane emissions and protect the environment.” Canada’s wood bison, who live in northern Alberta near the proposed site of Teck Resources’s Frontier oil sands project, face “imminent threats” to their recovery, a report from the country’s environment department said.
Earthquake in Cushing, OK -- home to the largest oil storage facility in the world -- leads to further regulatory action on disposal wells in the area. Research and development firm Battelle is working on a new induced-seismicity study that aims to help wastewater disposal well operators in Ohio stay on the good side of state regulators. Industry regulators in Oklahoma have rolled out broad new restrictions on more than 600 disposal wells as part of the largest action of its kind taken in response to earthquakes. A surge in earthquakes tightly clustered in southern Kansas that followed the large increase in produced water injections prompted the state to cut the daily limits on disposal wells in that area to see if that will help solve the problem.